On this day in 1865 the first horse-drawn tram began operating in Portsmouth.
It ran from the South Western railway station (now Portsmouth and Southsea) and Southsea Pier (now Clarence Pier).
This enabled passengers to transfer easily to the Isle of Wight steamers. It is believed to be the first statutory tramway in the country.
A horse-bus service is thought to have run between North End and Southsea as early as 1840 – from John Sadden’s The Portsmouth Book of Days.