One of the most demanding jobs in the old Royal Navy, before the days of fuel oil, was coaling the ships’ bunkers.
As this 1904 picture from Portsmouth dockyard shows, this filthy process employed virtually every member of a ship’s company.
The vessel’s superstructure and guns were shrouded in canvas as a protection against choking dust.
Some of the battleships held up to 3,000 tons of coal and when steaming at high speed they used supplies at a fast rate.
The 1904 dockside picture (below) shows sailors and Temperley’s Transporter Haulabouts hard at work.