Mary Rose discoveries shed new light on history

Gimballed compasses found on the Mary Rose, a discovery that rewrote the history books. Picture: Gareth Gardner

Gimballed compasses found on the Mary Rose, a discovery that rewrote the history books. Picture: Gareth Gardner

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ARCHAEOLOGISTS who study the Mary Rose in Portsmouth have made several discoveries which cause experts the world over to rethink their views of history.

A number of gimballed compasses found at the wreck site are the earliest known surviving versions in the modern world.

They are just some of the thousands of items found on the sea bed which have gone on display in the new museum.

There are personal items, games, books, medical tools, weapons including guns and longbows, nit combs, musical instruments and rigging kit, among other things.

Religious items found among the sailors’ personal possessions reveal secrets about the lives of the crew.

And musical instruments which were used to entertain the officers on board gave historians something to think about when they found an early form of oboe not known to have existed for another 50 years.

The artefacts tell a broad story about Tudor life, but individually they offer an insight into hundreds of different areas of interest, from religion and cookery to naval warfare and archery.

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