Simple steps to help save hedgehogs

Hedgehog in autumn leaves. 'Picture: Tom Marshall
Hedgehog in autumn leaves. 'Picture: Tom Marshall
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Deborah Griffiths, Education and Engagement Assistant at the Hampshire and Isle of Wight Wildlife Trust is encouraging people to help the decline in hedgehogs

Hedgehogs are now disappearing from our countryside as fast as tigers are worldwide – a shocking fact for a species that was once common.

However, many of our common native wildlife – hedgehogs, house sparrows, and starlings, for example – are all in decline because of a variety of reasons, including loss of habitat.

While hedgehogs are suffering in rural areas, some are taking sanctuary in many of our suburban neighbourhoods.

With some 15 million gardens in the UK, covering an area larger than all the UK’s national nature reserves put together, we have a great opportunity right on our doorsteps to help the humble hog.

Wild About Gardens Week is an annual celebration of garden wildlife. We at the Wildlife Trusts are teaming up with the Royal Horticultural Society and the Hedgehog Street campaign to raise awareness of the hedgehog’s plight and encourage everyone to look out for hedgehogs in our gardens.

There are some simple steps you can take to help hedgehogs:

n Create hedgehog highways – Hedgehogs need to be able to roam far and wide in search of food, mates and nesting sites – racking up between 1-2km per night. Get together with your neighbours to cut a 13cm2 (5in2) hole in your fence or dig a channel beneath garden boundaries to connect your gardens.

You can pledge to make a hole in your fence and map it at

n Avoid the use of pesticides – Ditch the slug pellets and avoid the use pesticides. Hedgehogs are natural pest controllers and need a plentiful and varied supply of invertebrate prey to stay healthy.

n Provide nesting sites – Log and leaf piles, wilderness areas and purpose-built hedgehog homes make great places for hedgehogs to nest and hibernate. Fallen leaves also make the perfect nesting material, so make sure you don’t clear all of these away.

You can even try and make your own hedgehog house with nothing more than a cardboard box, newspapers, grass and a carrier bag.

General wildlife-friendly gardening tips, like using mulch and compost, allowing areas to grow wild, and growing bee-friendly flowers also help.

Hedgehogs might be declining, but with some small steps, even in the smallest of urban green spaces, together we can make sure hedgehogs have a home in our gardens.

For more tips visit