Lenny Henry, who recently received a knighthood in the Queen’s Birthday Honours, talks to PHIL HEWITT about the power of education.
Funny man Lenny Henry is university lecturer Frank in Willie Russell’s Educating Rita in Chichester’s Minerva Theatre.
But really he’s Rita, he laughs.
‘Rita is me. Just as Willie Russell himself is Rita.’
In other words, they are people who’ve felt the transformative power of education.
Not for Lenny that easy passage from sixth form to university. It was only when he turned 40 that he began his own university career – one so empowering he’s now working towards submitting his PhD thesis.
‘I never had that at school,’ says Lenny.
‘I was never encouraged to do O levels or A levels. I left school at 16 and went straight into showbusiness.
‘I didn’t do O levels until I was doing a summer season with Cannon & Ball.
‘I got a tutor and I took my exams.
‘All the other students were looking around and saying ‘‘Isn’t that the bloke who says Katanga off TV!’’
‘I had to put it all on hold for a while. But then my mum passed away. I was doing a programme called Hope and Glory which was about a super-headteacher and my mum had always said ‘‘make sure you have got your education’’.
‘At the age of 40, I was doing this programme, and I thought ‘‘why don’t I do something about it!’’ All the make-up girls were saying ‘‘you can do it!’’
‘I enrolled and three or four days later I got all the details on my doorstep. I wanted to do English.
‘It was absolutely the right decision. I think doing something like that makes you more confident. It gives you the ability to argue things better. I wouldn’t have been able to do all the diversity stuff I have done without it, I don’t think.
‘It teaches you how to shape an argument. You get the certificate at the end and it’s like ‘‘if I only had a heart!’’ but it goes deeper than that.’
It called for huge self-discipline. There’s a great moment in the play where the newly-learning Rita gets fired up by a summer school.
Lenny had a similar experience at the University of Bath with his OU contemporaries.
‘It was great. It was like we were suddenly 18 or 19 again. But really for the rest of the year, you are pretty much on your own.
‘You lock yourself in an office and that’s it for four hours.’
But he got there and added an MA.
‘Then I went straight into the PhD. I am still struggling through that.
‘I am four years in. It is difficult when you are doing it part-time.
‘There are moments when you think ‘‘should I be doing this?’’ with everything else that is going on, but I am very, very fortunate that I can self-fund and that I have got the discipline.’
But above all, the point is that education is something Lenny absolutely believes in.
‘It really is transformative. It’s terrible that they are trying to close down libraries.
‘Libraries give you power. You can educate yourself, and it is a transformative process.
‘Like Rita, you can be the caterpillar that becomes the butterfly. It has given me the confidence to write.
‘I have written two radio plays. I have written a feature film. You get that new confidence.’
All of which equips Lenny to step into Willie Russell’s tale of when Frank meets Rita.
World-weary lecturer Frank has never met anyone like hairdresser Rita – until the Open University brings them together.
Frank knows plenty. He can tell Rita that Yeats isn’t only a wine lodge andthe difference between Jane Austen and Ethel Austin.
He can explain in detail why Chekhov is a comic genius. But he doesn’t know that learning can be dangerous and addictive.
But as Rita grows in confidence and ability, Frank begins to fear that her desire for academic knowledge might bury the fascinating, fresh woman who has brought him back to life.
‘We were talking to (Chichester Festival Theatre artistic director) Jonathan (Church) about what I might do at Chichester, and there were several possibilities that were floating around. Educating Rita jumped out as a modern-day classic.
‘I was doing some work with Michael Buffong (artistic director of the black Talawa Theatre Company), and I mentioned Educating Rita to him.
‘He said ‘‘That’s my play!’’ So when it came to talking about who should direct, Michael was obvious.’
And so it emerged, the first all-black Educating Rita.
‘A black director and two black protagonists (Lashana Lynch playing Rita).’
Not that Lenny believes there is any particular relevance in the distinction.
‘It is a classic play. Frank is a guy who is stuck. He was a poet back in the day, but his wife left him, and he has kind of lost his way.
‘But this firework bursts into his office, Rita, this woman with huge energy and excitement.’
While Frank takes his education for granted, Rita lusts after education.
But what education does to her is cause for concern.
‘She wants it so much she goes too far the other way, accepting all the authorities rather than making up her own mind. Frank wants her to retain all the things that make Rita Rita.’
For Lenny, the play comes, remarkably, 40 years after the New Faces appearance which launched his career.‘’
Educating Rita is in Chichester’s Minerva Theatre until July 25. Tickets on www.cft.org.uk. Limited availability.
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Where & when...
Educating Rita is in Chichester’s Minerva Theatre until July 25. Performances are at 7.45pm nightly except Sundays, with 2.45pm matinees on Mondays and Wednesdays. Tickets from £20. Go to www.cft.org.uk.